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What is aisle racking design?

What is aisle racking design?

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Aisle racking design is the layout and configuration of storage racks in a warehouse or storage facility to create defined aisles for the movement of goods and personnel. This design is particularly important for optimizing storage space, improving accessibility, and ensuring efficient inventory management. The goal of aisle racking design is to strike a balance between maximizing storage capacity and ensuring efficient and safe operations within the warehouse.

Aisle racking costs vary based on factors such as the type of racking system, size, materials, and additional features. For a specific quote, it is recommended to contact Pallet Rack Unlimited directly, as prices can range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars per pallet position, depending on the complexity and specifications of the system.

There are different types of aisle racking designs, and the choice depends on factors such as the type of goods being stored, the storage space available, and the method of access required. Here are some common aisle racking designs:

  •  Single Aisle (Narrow Aisle): This design features a single narrow aisle between racks. It is often used in facilities where space is limited, and special narrow aisle forklifts or stacker cranes are employed to navigate the tight spaces.
  • Double Aisle (Wide Aisle): In this design, there are two wider aisles between racks, allowing for easier access with standard forklifts. This design is more common in environments where space is not as constrained.
  • Very Narrow Aisle (VNA): Very narrow aisle racking designs use specialized equipment like turret trucks or automated guided vehicles to operate in extremely narrow aisles. This allows for high-density storage and efficient space utilization.
  • Drive-In/Drive-Through Racking: These designs maximize storage density by allowing forklifts to drive directly into the rack system. Drive-in racking has one entry/exit point, while drive-through racking has entry/exit points on both sides.
  • Push-Back Racking: This system allows forklifts to push pallets backward along inclined rails within the rack. This design is suitable for LIFO (Last In, First Out) inventory systems.
  • Pallet Flow Racking: Pallets are loaded on one end of the rack and flow down inclined rollers or wheels to the other end. This system is suitable for FIFO (First In, First Out) inventory systems.

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How to design the aisle width of warehouse pallet racks?

 Designing aisle width for warehouse pallet racks is a crucial aspect of optimizing storage space and ensuring efficient material handling. The appropriate aisle width depends on several factors, including the type of forklifts used, the storage system chosen, the size of the pallets, and the overall layout of the warehouse. Here are some steps to help you design the aisle width for pallet racks:

  • Understand Forklift Requirements: Different forklifts have varying turning radii and maneuverability. Identify the type of forklifts used in your warehouse (e.g., reach trucks, counterbalance forklifts) and understand their specifications.
  • Consider Storage System Type: The type of pallet racking system you choose will influence the aisle width. For example, narrow-aisle racking systems require less space compared to wide-aisle systems. Very Narrow Aisle (VNA) systems often use specialized equipment and may require narrower aisles than standard pallet racking.
  • Determine Pallet Dimensions: The size of the pallets you use affects the aisle width. Measure the length and width of your pallets, as well as any overhang.
  • Factor in Safety Considerations: Ensure there is enough clearance for safe maneuvering of forklifts to prevent accidents or damage to the racks. Consider visibility for operators and the overall safety of personnel working in the aisles.
  • Single aisle vs. double aisle: Single-aisle designs may be suitable for narrow-aisle racking systems, while double-aisle designs are used in wider aisles for standard forklifts. Double-aisle designs provide more flexibility but require additional space.
  • Consult with Pallet Rack Suppliers: Work closely with pallet rack suppliers and manufacturers who can provide guidance based on your specific needs. Some suppliers may offer design services and assistance in determining the optimal aisle width.
  • Utilize Warehouse Design Software: Warehouse design software can help simulate and optimize different aisle width scenarios. These tools can take into account various parameters to determine the most efficient design for your specific warehouse layout.

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