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How to choose the right frames and beams?

How to choose the right frames and beams?

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Pallet rack systems are a fundamental component of any distribution, storage or material handling operation which allows rapid access to stored materials. Pallet racking system is utilized to support high stacking of single or palletized loads while simplifying inventory requirements.

There are various types of pallet rack accessories available in the market such as wire decking, wall tiles, row spacer, pallet support, industrial shelving and many more  which help to maximize the safety of your inventory and materials.

What kind of  pallet rack frames and pallet rack beams do I need? Is the question that arises in your mind before choosing the right frames and beams.

If you have an existing racking and you’re looking to add to it with needed guidance, you probably already know the answer to your question as there are varieties of pallet rack frames and pallet rack beams. However, if you’re just laying out your space and are trying to figure out the right solution for your application. Here are some essential answers to your questions.

Here are some helpful guidelines you might need while choosing the right frames and beams for your application

How to Choose the Pallet Rack Frames

Pallet Rack Frames are the struts that braces the two verticals and the footplates consisting of the vertical upright components of a racking system.

1.What are your space limitations?

Identifying your correct space measurements is the first step in choosing the right frames. Ceiling height is the first place to start. Allowing at least 18 to 24” of space between the ceiling and your product helps to comply with fire codes and provide adequate clearance. For smaller layouts- personal garages or sheds- frames ranging from 8 -to-12 feet tall are the most common sizes we see being utilized. As the frame determines at which height you can store your products, this is the first piece of information to know.

2.What weight capacity do you need?

Frame capacity can be tricky. To calculate the upright frame capacity for your needs, take estimated maximum load weight for each beam level and multiply it by the number of pallet rack beam levels in the racking section. Unlike other selective pallet rack’s fixed beam capacity  weight supported by the uprights weight value is adjustable and this flexibility allows you to store heavier loads at bottom of the racking systems and lighter load towards the top.This helps to improve your overall safety and gives you control over the pallet rack’s total storage capacity.

3.Are you utilizing the pallets?

We call it pallet racking for a reason. Your products are typically or more often arranged and stored on pallets, which are then stored on pallet racks. However it is not very uncommon that we see people leaving or abandoning their pallets. The standard GMA (Grocery Manufacturers Association)pallets are 40-inches wide and 48-inches deep. However, if you’re using standard pallets, racking manufacturers suggest using a 42-inches deep frame. This allows for 3-inches to overhang on the front and rear of the system.This helps forklift operators to place the pallets on both beams.

Measurement of Pallet Rack Beams

It is vital to match length of the beam correctly and should have an accurate measurement as the smallest millimeter can make a big difference to your existing racking, as standard beams of 1350mm, 2250mm, 2700mm and 3300mm are measured differently depending on the manufacturer; a 2700mm Dexion beam may be slightly different to a 2700mm Apex beam.

How to Choose the Right Pallet Rack Beams

The heavy duty rails that connect the uprights together and create the shelves of the pallet rack refer to the Pallet Rack Beams.

 1.How many pallets are you arranging on the pallet racking shelves?

For a standard pallet racking setup 8-foot beam seems to be ideal and is by far the most common beam length for storage on two pallets per shelf level. However, if you’re looking to place three pallets per shelf level, you will require a 12-foot beam. It’s always best to measure distance between two frames in order to get the correct beam length.

2.How much weight capacity do you need for your beams(part 2)?

This question needs to be asked of your beam as capacity varies based on the weight of each load. It’s important that your calculations and measurements are as precise as possible. An evenly distributed load is required as the system may fail if needed capacities aren’t met. The longer the beam, the more likely it is to sag if weight is not distributed evenly. The higher the beam face, the higher the capacity will support.


Load Measurement for Pallet Rack Beams

Pallet racks are composed of vertical upright frames and horizontal load beams designed specifically for the loads being stored. Depending on your load requirements Upright frames ( also known as uprights or upright columns) vary in size ( height and depth) and design. These are the most significant structural components of your racking system. Load beams are the horizontal supports that connect to pallet rack frames to form the shelf level of a pallet rack system.

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